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PHP Functions

Function: pdf_translate

(PHP 3 >= 3.0.6, PHP 4, PECL)

pdf_translate -- Sets origin of coordinate system

Description

bool pdf_translate ( resource pdfdoc, float tx, float ty )

Translate the origin of the coordinate system.

CIV. PDO Functions

Introduction

Warning

This extension is EXPERIMENTAL . The behaviour of this extension -- including the names of its functions and anything else documented about this extension -- may change without notice in a future release of PHP. Use this extension at your own risk.

The PHP Data Objects (PDO) extension defines a lightweight, consistent interface for accessing databases in PHP. Each database driver that implements the PDO interface can expose database-specific features as regular extension functions. Note that you cannot perform any database functions using the PDO extension by itself; you must use a database-specific PDO driver to access a database server.

Installation

Windows

Follow the same steps to install and enable the PDO drivers of your choice.

Windows users can download the extension DLL php_pdo.dll as part of the PECL collection binaries from http://www.php.net/downloads.php or a more recent version from a PHP 5 PECL Snapshot .

To enable the PDO extension on Windows operating systems, you must add the following line to php.ini :

extension=php_pdo.dll

Next, choose the other DB specific DLL files and either use dl() to load them at runtime, or enable them in php.ini below pdo_pdo.dll . For example:

extension=php_pdo.dll
extension=php_pdo_firebird.dll
extension=php_pdo_mssql.dll
extension=php_pdo_mysql.dll
extension=php_pdo_oci.dll
extension=php_pdo_oci8.dll
extension=php_pdo_odbc.dll
extension=php_pdo_pgsql.dll
extension=php_pdo_sqlite.dll

These DLL's should exist in the systems extension_dir .

Linux and UNIX

Due to a bug in the pear installer you should install the PDO package manually using the following steps:

Follow the same steps to install and enable the PDO drivers of your choice.

Download the PDO package to your local machine:

bash$  wget http://pecl.php.net/get/PDO

Determine your PHP bin directory. If your PHP 5 CLI binary lives at /usr/local/php5/bin/php then the bin dir is /usr/local/php5/bin .

Set your path so that your PHP bin directory is at the front:

export PATH="/usr/local/php5/bin:$PATH"

Manually build and install the PDO extension:

bash$ tar xzf PDO-0.2.tgz
bash$ cd PDO-0.2
bash$ phpize
bash$ ./configure
bash$ make
bash$ sudo -s
bash# make install
bash# echo extension=pdo.so >> /usr/local/php5/lib/php.ini

PDO Drivers

The following drivers currently implement the PDO interface:

Driver name Supported databases PDO_DBLIB FreeTDS / Microsoft SQL Server / Sybase PDO_FIREBIRD Firebird/Interbase 6 PDO_MYSQL MySQL 3.x/4.0 PDO_OCI Oracle Call Interface PDO_ODBC ODBC v3 (IBM DB2 and unixODBC) PDO_PGSQL PostgreSQL PDO_SQLITE SQLite 3.x

Predefined Classes

PDO

Represents a connection between PHP and a database server.

Constructor

PDO - constructs a new PDO object

Methods

beginTransaction - begins a transaction

commit - commits a transaction

exec - issues an SQL statement and returns the number of affected rows

errorCode - retrieves an error code, if any, from the database

errorInfo - retrieves an array of error information, if any, from the database

getAttribute - retrieves a database connection attribute

lastInsertId - retrieves the value of the last row that was inserted into a table

prepare - prepares an SQL statement for execution

query - issues an SQL statement and returns a result set

quote - returns a quoted version of a string for use in SQL statements

rollBack - roll back a transaction

setAttribute - sets a database connection attribute

PDOStatement

Represents a prepared statement and, after the statement is executed, an associated result set.

Methods

bindColumn - binds a PHP variable to an output column in a result set

bindParam - binds a PHP variable to a parameter in the prepared statement

columnCount - returns the number of columns in the result set

errorCode - retrieves an error code, if any, from the statement

errorInfo - retrieves an array of error information, if any, from the statement

execute - executes a prepared statement

fetch - fetches a row from a result set

fetchAll - fetches an array containing all of the rows from a result set

fetchColumn - returns the data from a single column in a result set

getAttribute - retrieves a PDOStatement attribute

getColumnMeta - retrieves metadata for a column in the result set

nextRowset - retrieves the next rowset (result set)

rowCount - returns the number of rows that were affected by the execution of an SQL statement

setAttribute - sets a PDOStatement attribute

setFetchMode - sets the fetch mode for a PDOStatement

Predefined Constants

The constants below are defined by this extension, and will only be available when the extension has either been compiled into PHP or dynamically loaded at runtime.

PDO_PARAM_NULL ( integer )

Represents the SQL NULL data type.

PDO_PARAM_INT ( integer )

Represents the SQL INTEGER data type.

PDO_PARAM_STR ( integer )

Represents the SQL CHAR, VARCHAR, or other string data type.

PDO_PARAM_LOB ( integer )

Represents the SQL large object data type.

PDO_PARAM_STMT ( integer )

PDO_PARAM_INPUT_OUTPUT ( integer )

Specifies that the parameter is an INOUT parameter for a stored procedure. You must bitwise-OR this value with an explicit PDO_PARAM_* data type.

PDO_FETCH_LAZY ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an object with variable names that correspond to the column names returned in the result set. PDO_FETCH_LAZY creates the object variable names as they are accessed.

PDO_FETCH_ASSOC ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an array indexed by column name as returned in the corresponding result set. If the result set contains multiple columns with the same name, PDO_FETCH_ASSOC returns only a single value per column name.

PDO_FETCH_NAMED ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an array indexed by column name as returned in the corresponding result set. If the result set contains multiple columns with the same name, PDO_FETCH_NAMED returns an array of values per column name.

PDO_FETCH_NUM ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an array indexed by column number as returned in the corresponding result set, starting at column 0.

PDO_FETCH_BOTH ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an array indexed by both column name and number as returned in the corresponding result set, starting at column 0.

PDO_FETCH_OBJ ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return each row as an object with property names that correspond to the column names returned in the result set.

PDO_FETCH_BOUND ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return TRUE and assign the values of the columns in the result set to the PHP variables to which they were bound with the PDOStatement::bindParam() or PDOStatement::bindColumn() methods.

PDO_FETCH_COLUMN ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return only a single requested column from the next row in the result set.

PDO_FETCH_CLASS ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall return a new instance of the requested class, mapping the columns to named properties in the class.

PDO_FETCH_INTO ( integer )

Specifies that the fetch method shall update an existing instance of the requested class, mapping the columns to named properties in the class.

PDO_FETCH_FUNC ( integer )

PDO_FETCH_GROUP ( integer )

PDO_FETCH_UNIQUE ( integer )

PDO_FETCH_CLASSTYPE ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_AUTOCOMMIT ( integer )

If this value is FALSE , PDO attempts to disable autocommit so that the connection begins a transaction.

PDO_ATTR_PREFETCH ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_TIMEOUT ( integer )

Sets the timeout value in seconds for communications with the database.

PDO_ATTR_ERRMODE ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_SERVER_VERSION ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_CLIENT_VERSION ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_SERVER_INFO ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_CONNECTION_STATUS ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_CASE ( integer )

Force column names to a specific case specified by the PDO_CASE_* constants.

PDO_ATTR_CURSOR_NAME ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_CURSOR ( integer )

PDO_ATTR_ORACLE_NULLS ( integer )

Convert empty strings to SQL NULL values.

PDO_ATTR_PERSISTENT ( integer )

Request a persistent connection, rather than creating a new connection.

PDO_ATTR_FETCH_CATALOG_NAMES ( integer )

Prepend the containing catalog name to each column name returned in the result set. The catalog name and column name are separated by a decimal (.) character.

PDO_ATTR_FETCH_TABLE_NAMES ( integer )

Prepend the containing table name to each column name returned in the result set. The table name and column name are separated by a decimal (.) character.

PDO_ERRMODE_SILENT ( integer )

Do not raise an error or exception if an error occurs. The developer is expected to explicitly check for errors.

PDO_ERRMODE_WARNING ( integer )

Issue a PHP E_WARNING message if an error occurs.

PDO_ERRMODE_EXCEPTION ( integer )

Throw a PDOException if an error occurs.

PDO_CASE_NATURAL ( integer )

Leave column names as returned by the database driver.

PDO_CASE_LOWER ( integer )

Force column names to lower case.

PDO_CASE_UPPER ( integer )

Force column names to upper case.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_NEXT ( integer )

Fetch the next row in the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_PRIOR ( integer )

Fetch the previous row in the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_FIRST ( integer )

Fetch the first row in the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_LAST ( integer )

Fetch the last row in the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_ABS ( integer )

Fetch the requested row by row number from the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_FETCH_ORI_REL ( integer )

Fetch the requested row by relative position from the current position of the cursor in the result set. Valid only for scrollable cursors.

PDO_CURSOR_FWDONLY ( integer )

Create a PDOStatement object with a forward-only cursor. This may improve the performance of your application but restricts your PDOStatement object to fetching one row at a time from the result set in a forward direction.

PDO_CURSOR_SCROLL ( integer )

Create a PDOStatement object with a scrollable cursor. Pass the PDO_FETCH_ORI_* constants to control the rows fetched from the result set.

PDO_ERR_CANT_MAP ( integer )

PDO_ERR_SYNTAX ( integer )

PDO_ERR_CONSTRAINT ( integer )

PDO_ERR_NOT_FOUND ( integer )

PDO_ERR_ALREADY_EXISTS ( integer )

PDO_ERR_NOT_IMPLEMENTED ( integer )

PDO_ERR_MISMATCH ( integer )

PDO_ERR_TRUNCATED ( integer )

PDO_ERR_DISCONNECTED ( integer )

PDO_ERR_NO_PERM ( integer )

PDO_ERR_NONE ( string )

Corresponds to SQLSTATE '00000', meaning that the SQL statement was successfully issued with no errors or warnings.

Table of Contents PDO::beginTransaction  --  Initiates a transaction PDO::commit  --  Commits a transaction PDO::__construct  --  Creates a PDO instance representing a connection to a database PDO::errorCode  --  Fetch the SQLSTATE associated with the last operation on the database handle PDO::errorInfo  --  Fetch extended error information associated with the last operation on the database handle PDO::exec  --  Execute an SQL statement and return the number of affected rows PDO::getAttribute  --  Retrieve a database connection attribute PDO::lastInsertId  --  Returns the ID of the last inserted row PDO::prepare  --  Prepares a statement for execution and returns a statement object PDO::query  --  Executes an SQL statement, returning a result set as a PDOStatement object PDO::quote  --  Quotes a string for use in a query. PDO::rollBack  --  Rolls back a transaction PDO::setAttribute  --  Set an attribute PDOStatement::bindColumn  --  Bind a column to a PHP variable PDOStatement::bindParam  --  Binds a parameter to the specified variable name PDOStatement::columnCount  --  Returns the number of columns in the result set PDOStatement::errorCode  --  Fetch the SQLSTATE associated with the last operation on the statement handle PDOStatement::errorInfo  --  Fetch extended error information associated with the last operation on the statement handle PDOStatement::execute  --  Executes a prepared statement PDOStatement::fetch  --  Fetches the next row from a result set PDOStatement::fetchAll  --  Returns an array containing all of the result set rows PDOStatement::fetchColumn  --  Returns a single column from the next row of a result set PDOStatement::getAttribute  --  Retrieve a statement attribute PDOStatement::getColumnMeta  --  Returns metadata for a column in a result set PDOStatement::nextRowset  --  Advances to the next rowset in a multi-rowset statement handle PDOStatement::rowCount  --  Returns the number of rows affected by the last SQL statement PDOStatement::setAttribute  --  Set a statement attribute PDOStatement::setFetchMode  --  Set the default fetch mode for this statement pdo_drivers  --  Return an array of available PDO drivers

Related Function(s)

  • dl()
  • PDO_construct()
  • PDO_beginTransaction()
  • PDO_commit()
  • PDO_exec()
  • PDO_errorCode()
  • PDO_errorInfo()
  • PDO_getAttribute()
  • PDO_lastInsertId()
  • PDO_prepare()
  • PDO_query()
  • PDO_quote()
  • PDO_rollBack()
  • PDO_setAttribute()
  • PDOStatement_bindColumn()
  • PDOStatement_bindParam()
  • PDOStatement_columnCount()
  • PDOStatement_errorCode()
  • PDOStatement_errorInfo()
  • PDOStatement_execute()
  • PDOStatement_fetch()
  • PDOStatement_fetchAll()
  • PDOStatement_fetchColumn()
  • PDOStatement_getAttribute()
  • PDOStatement_getColumnMeta()
  • PDOStatement_nextRowset()
  • PDOStatement_rowCount()
  • PDOStatement_setAttribute()
  • PDOStatement_setFetchMode()
  • pdo_drivers()
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